When the Wall Came Down. The Perception of German Reunification in International Diplomatic Documents 1989–1990, vol. 12, doc. 12volume link
Bern 2019more… |
dodis.ch/53321 Telegram1 from the Turkish Ambassador in Bonn, Reşat Arim2, to the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Having returned from Berlin, Chancellor Kohl3 made a statement about the developments in the German Democratic Republic in the press conference organized following the cabinet meeting.
Having stated that the Federal Government had summoned the State and Party Administration of the German Democratic Republic to open their gates for a radical change in the fields of state, economy and society, Kohl reiterated that they are ready for assistance. He also declared that he had had a detailed phone conversation with Krenz4, the leader of the German Democratic Republic and that he had informed Krenz about his appreciation of their decision concerning the opening of the borders, that they agreed upon a visit by Federal Minister Seiters5 to Berlin on 20 November to conduct preparatory meetings with the Administration of the German Democratic Republic and that Seiters would meet with Krenz and the Prime Minister of the German Democratic Republic6, who will have been elected by then. He noted that they would want to know in these meetings the concrete steps which the Administration of the German Democratic Republic intend to take, especially how and when they will organize the free elections which have been announced. He also stated that Krenz and he decided to meet somewhere outside East Berlin in the German Democratic Republic.
Having indicated that he had also had telephone conversations with President Bush7, President Mitterrand8 and Prime Minister Thatcher9, Kohl also declared that he informed his colleagues about his visit to Poland and he mentioned his first impressions of the opening of the Berlin Wall, that he was in constant contact with Gorbachev10 and that he had notified Gorbachev by telephone an hour earlier about his assessment of the situation.
Having reported that Germans from the German Democratic Republic were still coming to stay in the Federal Republic of Germany despite the first indications of change in the German Democratic Republic, Kohl said, “I absolutely object to the fact that the notable social democrats now try to provoke embarrassingly the excitement and feelings against these citizens”, and called on the public for help. He also declared that there was still a long way to go to reach the target and that all the Germans had not yet gained the right to self-determination and he recommended being moderate.
At the end of the press conference, Kohl reported that he would resume his visit by returning to Warsaw that afternoon.
- Telegram No. 386 (copy, translated from Turkish): Turkish Diplomatic Archive 3211299. Reference: our non-confidential telegram numbered 1481.↩
- Egon Krenz (*1937), dodis.ch/P54794, General Secretary of the SED 18.10.1989–3.12.1989 and Chairman of the GDR State Council 18.10.1989–6.12.1989.↩
- Rudolf Seiters (*1937), dodis.ch/P57431, Chief of Staff of the Chancellery and Minister of Special Affairs of the FRG 21.4.1989–26.11.1991.↩
- Hans Modrow (*1928), dodis.ch/P54796, Chairman of the GDR Council of Ministers 13.11.1989–12.4.1990.↩
- George Herbert Walker Bush (1924–2018), dodis.ch/P47406, President of the United States, 20.1.1989–20.1.1993.↩
- Margaret Thatcher (1925–2013), dodis.ch/P32055, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 4.5.1979–28.11.1990.↩